|A load of Mojo's bedding and poo ready for the garden.|
First of all, poo happens. Everyone does it and when you have animals, you have poo. It can't be helped. Before you look down on all that poo, think about the positive side of it. Poo is loaded with nitrogen and natural critters that will make it biodegrade when given back to nature as it should be.
Our land has no septic or sewer system. We have no trash pick up. That means we have to do something with the many varieties of poo generated there. Something that isn't going to make problems or gross out our neighbors.
Goat poo is easy to deal with. It comes in tiny pellets, or berries, that dry fast and sweep up easily into a pile. Goats are messy eaters, dropping out the stemmy stuff they don't like in their hay. Goat poo mixed with hay bits is proving to be one of the best mulchy fertilizers I have ever used. I wheelbarrow loads of it to new garden sites and lay it in across the rows. It composts fairly fast and becomes humus rich soil that absorbs a lot of water and provides nutrients to seedlings without the use of chemical based fertilizers. And it's free but for a half hour or so of sweeping, loading, dumping, and tidying.
Goat poo bedding is in fact so desirable, that other people want some! Imagine that. Someone actually wants to take away poo. I gave some to my friends to start their garden in town. They said it worked great and they even came out and took trash bags full of it, shoveling it themselves while the goats supervised. My son's class started a garden for a science project and they, too, were quite happy to have a trash can load of goat poo bedding for their little plot. The teacher informed me just the other day that the garden is thriving and I should stop by and look at how well it has done thanks to the goat poo.
I manage the cow poo with a 5 gallon bucket and a flat bladed shovel. Right after I give Gucci her hay ration, I go on a poo hunt in her corral and gather up all her pies. I have a pallet compost bin set up nearby with two bales of straw stacked next to it. Here's a little secret most people don't know about poo. If you toss it in a compost pile and thoroughly cover it with dry organic matter (like straw) it doesn't stink or attract flies! Do this on a regular basis and you've got your own compost factory going.
Since cow poo is very wet, it's considered "hot" too hot to place directly in your garden. You'll want to compost it well to let it cool down and become dry and absorbent when blended with other organic matter. If you don't turn your compost pile on a regular basis and keep adding to it daily until its full, a good rule of thumb is to let it sit for a year. While that one is sitting, you'll be busy on others if you have a cow, of course.
Chicken poo is an anomaly. It comes in two forms: squishy-wet or dry. It all depends on what the chickens ate. They are not careful about where they drop their poo. Sometimes it's in the spent hay. Sometimes it's in the tree they roost in. Sometimes you are holding a chicken because they're so soft and warm and splat, the poo is on you. Like cow poo, chicken poo is considered "hot". Don't put it directly in the garden without first mixing with dry organic matter and letting it compost a while. Our chickens free range with the sheep and goats, so their poo is mixed automatically with hay bedding, piled periodically and carted off to sit in a new garden row until planting time.
Duck and Geese poo is high in nitrogen, comes in pelletish squishy forms and tends to end up in the pool they swim in where it becomes liquified. It's the easiest of all to maintain. Since it's so diluted with water, it gets dumped straight into the pumpkin patch twice a day. This is a trick I learned from Permaculture Soils, an educational video published by the Permaculture Institute of Australia.
Human poo is quite another story. Have you ever stopped to consider how much water is wasted when you flush a toilet, ever a low water use toilet? Water is precious here in the desert and daily people are flushing it down the drain, water that was treated prior to be drinkable. It's a strange way to deal with poo, because when you get right down to it, human poo is like the poo of any other creature. It's been made to go back into the earth. Rather than elaborate on this conundrum, I'd like to recommend this book as something to consider when dealing with human poo: The Humanure Handook. Find out more about it here: http://humanurehandbook.com/
Yes, that's right. Even human poo can be composted and given back to the earth. Imagine taking your own poo and turning it into a huge bed of roses. It might sound freakish and strange or wildly wonderful depending on your point of view. When life gives you poo, after all, what's best is to make compost...and garden.